The magic land of Bosnia and Herzegovina in monuments that it is worth to see and experience. We will try to mention a few … because it is simply impossible to list all the beauty of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Being the crossroads of many civilizations, Bosnia and Herzegovina is rich with archaeological remains, from the Neolithic, Roman, Illyrian and Medieval periods. The most specific and well known are the hand-carved tombstones (stećak) that date back over 700 years to the Middle Ages. These unique monuments of ancient native artistic tradition, which are scattered all around Bosnia and Herzegovina, have become almost a national symbol. In addition, there are numerous remains of medieval towns and castles from same period.
Old bridge in Mostar
Mostar Old Bridge, in the Old Town in the very centre of Mostar, was built in 1566, by the Ottoman architect, Mimar Hajrudin, who erected this stone bridge in what was then just a small Turkish outpost in southern Bosnia and Herzegovina. The bridge spans the emerald green waters of the Neretva River and came to be known as “Stari Most”, or Old Bridge. The outpost grew into a city and was eventually named after the bridge – Mostar, or “keeper of the bridge.” Today, this bridge is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Počitelj is a unique settlement, listed as a potential UNESCO heritage site. The Hadi-Alija Mosque has been reconstructed as well as the Šišman-Ibrahimpašina medresa and the Gavran Kapetanovi house, all of which are open to visitors. The most striking object in Počitelj is the Sahat-kula, a silo-shaped fort that towers from the top of the hill above the town. It housed watchmen and military to guard against possible invasion from the Neretva Valley. Besides its stunning oriental architecture and Ottoman feel, Počitelj hosts the longest operating art colony in South Eastern Europe.
National park Hutovo blato
National park Hutovo Blato, an oasis of peace, is situated in southern Herzegovina and is a protected zone and important bird reserve. This unique sub-Mediterranean swamp of superb beauty and importance accommodates birdwatchers, nature lovers and families with children alike.
Međugorje is located in the mountains near Mostar. The small town is incredibly popular with Catholic pilgrims – millions of pilgrims have visited the site since 1981, when a small group of young people in the village began reporting seeing visions of the Virgin Mary on a nearby hillside.
Blagaj – Buna
Blagaj Buna is one of the finest examples of an underground karst river. It flows out of a 200 m cliff wall to become the Buna River. Unsurprisingly, the Ottoman sultan was impressed, and ordered a tekija to be built right next to it. This 16th century house/monastery was built for the Dervish cults and is still one of the most mystical places in all of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Rakitnica River Canyon
Rakitnica River Canyon is one of the deepest and most profound gorges in Europe. It is a natural wonderland. The entire length of the canyon is lined with endemic types of flora and fauna. Bears, wolves, wild boar, pine martins, and wild goats all take refuge in this difficult to access canyon. As many as 32 endemic plants, flowers, and trees can be found in this tiny region of the Dinaric Alps. The crystal clear water, fed by the high mountains above, is potable width=100% for the whole length of the canyon region.
Mediaeval forest Perućica
Perućica in Sutjeska National Park, is one of only two remaining mediaeval forests in Europe. It is often described as an ancient outdoor museum with a magical forest of beautiful 50-meter high spruce and beech, 200 to 300 year old, trees. The forest is a true gem in terms of wildlife and the large number of endemic plants.
Vjetrenica Caves, near the small town of Ravno and the medieval orthodox monastery of Zavala is the largest cave system discovered in Bosnia and Herzegovina. This extensive cave system has over 6 kilometres of channels, and the stunning main channel stretches over 2.5 kilometres.Amongst the many archeological discoveries are the ancient cave drawings of bears and leopards that are estimated to be over 10,000 years old. The many small lakes in the caves are home to endemic types of shellfish only found in deep underground aquifer systems.
Sarajevo & Baščaršija
While many parts of the city is interesting to visit, but most visited the is the center and the old town, along the valley of the river Miljacka. To visit the original old town, it takes a little more serious walk, since Sarajevo was founded on a hill from which you can see today’s city. The old narrow streets, on both sides of the river, above Baščaršije are worth viewing
Jajce & Plivsko lake
Jajce was the last stronghold of the Bosnian kings before it fell to the invading Ottomans in 1528. Known for the massive waterfall that blesses the heart of the city Jajce represents multiple layers of this regions long history – with traces of Illyrian and Roman finds as well as the distinct Bosnian and Ottoman features. The Pliva Lake region offer world class fly-fishing, as well as great water sports in the lake region.
Blidinje nature park
Blidinje area is a unique natural phenomenon, which contains many endemic species of flora and fauna with a lot of sources of clean, potable water. This area is known as one of the largest habitats of endemic whitebark pine. Blidinje Nature Park is named after the Blidinje lake which is located in the bottom of the Dugo polje at an altitude of 1184 m. The lake surface is about 6 square kilometers with a relatively shallow depth, while the water in the lake comes primarily from the surrounding mountains Vran & Čvrsnica with spring snowmelt.
Skakavac Waterfall is located 12 km north of Sarajevo, above the village Nahorevo. This is one of the largest and most beautiful waterfalls in BiH. The waterfall is 98 meters high and is located in the landscape of extraordinary beauty. Although no large flow of water is characterized by extraordinary beauty, especially in winter when the waterfall is overlaid by ice forming fantastic scenes.
Nactional park Una
National Park “Una” spreads from the valley of the river Una, as well as the valley of the River Unac right tributary of the Una river, Krka all the way to the west. This area is a unique natural complex in this part of Europe, very valuable for the maintenance of overall landscape and biological diversity, especially due to:
– Position on the border of three climate areas;
– Karstic forms and hydrography, who together with basin Korana and Krka unique in European terms;
– Landforms that have created one of the few natural pathways to the Adriatic Sea;
– Mosaic habitat, the great diversity of plant and animal species, and the presence of relict and endemic species.